Russia officially called the Russian Federation is a country that is mostly in Asia and partly in Eastern Europe. It is the largest country in the world by land area. The capital city of Russia is Moscow, and the official language is Russian. Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It also has borders over water with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk, and the United States by the Bering Strait. Russia is a very large and diverse country. From 1923 to 1991, it used to be part of the Soviet Union, which was a country based on Communism, but today its government is based on a democratic form of rule. The president is chosen in direct elections, and its current President is Vladimir Putin. Russia produces a lot of energy made from oil and natural gas.
In general, the climate of Russia can be described as highly continental influenced climate with warm to hot dry summers and (very) cold winters with temperatures of -30°C and lower and sometimes heavy snowfall. T he winter is mostly dry, snow covers the ground from end October to mid march in some years.